Prepare Pine Cones for Wreaths

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An easy way to prepare pine cones for wreaths! I love adding a bit of nature into my fall, winter and Christmas wreaths by using pine cones.  However, I also like to keep the cost of my supplies down so spending money on pine cones, which are abundant here in South Carolina, seems crazy.  I have a few pine cones in my backyard and when walking the dogs, I take a bag with me to pick up cones from other peoples’ yards, which they NEVER seem to mind–free yard cleanup!  Before using fresh pine cones, I take the time to prepare them because there can be sap and critters inside them… Um yea, don’t think my customers want live critters in their wreaths. This post contains some affiliate links for your convenience. Click here to read my full disclosure policy.

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I found these beautiful pine cones when dropping off my daughter at Ebenezer Lutheran Church Disciple Camp at Camp Kinard here in South Carolina. They have a ton of pine cones ranging in different sizes and shapes. Jackpot!!

How to prepare pine cones for crafts. This method works for wreaths, garlands & Christmas Trees.

Check out these these larger cones the hubs found.  They will be perfect hanging on my living room Christmas tree, after I glitter them up of course!

How to prepare pine cones for crafts. This method works for wreaths, garlands & Christmas Trees.

How to Prepare Pine Cones for Wreaths

Here is my method for how to prepare pine cones for my wreaths:

Step 1
Remove any debris, like pine needles and sticks.  Shake off any excess sand and dirt.  Then wash the pine cones in a sink full of water with half a cup to a cup of white vinegar.  Just swish the pine cones around to wash off any remaining sand or dirt.

How to prepare pine cones for crafts. This method works for wreaths, garlands & Christmas Trees.

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Step 2
Drain the pine cones on a paper towel for a few minute so that the excess water will drain off.

How to prepare pine cones for crafts. This method works for wreaths, garlands & Christmas Trees.
Step 3
Spread the pine cones in a single layer on a foil lined baking sheet and place in a 200F degree temperature oven for 1-2 hours.

How to prepare pine cones for crafts. This method works for wreaths, garlands & Christmas Trees.

Drying this way can take an hour or two depending on the size so check on them every 30 minutes or so, because they can burn.  I read that if you try to rush the drying time, they become more brittle. Baking the pine cones also helps to remove any sap they may have.

How to prepare pine cones for crafts. This method works for wreaths, garlands & Christmas Trees.

[Tweet “How to Bake Pine Cones to Remove Bugs”]

During the baking time, the pine cones will close somewhat but then open back up. Once the pine cones are completely opened, they are done. Below is an example of how the cones were closed and then starting to open after one of my 30 minute checks. Let them cool for 20 minutes before handling them.

How to prepare pine cones for crafts. This method works for wreaths, garlands & Christmas Trees.

Step 4
Now that the pine cones are baked and cooled, I prepare them to be wired into my wreaths.  To do this, use gardening gloves, because these things are prickly and use an awl to punch a hole into the stem of the cone.

How to prepare pine cones for crafts. This method works for wreaths, garlands & Christmas Trees.

Screw a screw eye into the bottom of the pine cone.  Some of the petals will fall off and that is okay.

How to prepare pine cones for crafts. This method works for wreaths, garlands & Christmas Trees.How to prepare pine cones for crafts. This method works for wreaths, garlands & Christmas Trees.
Then place a dollop of hot glue around the screw eye to ensure that it stays put.  Be careful not to cover up the hole of the screw eye.

How to prepare pine cones for crafts. This method works for wreaths, garlands & Christmas Trees.

Now they are ready to be attached to your craft, wreath creation or Christmas tree using floral wire or a pipe cleaner.  You can also spray them with a clear non yellowing sealer to give them a shine. I recommend Krylon Crystal Clear Acrylic Coating/Sealer or use them as they are.

Since it is such a long process, I do a bunch at a time and store them in a cool dry place.  I sometimes get so many, it takes me two years before I have to harvest more.

Here is a wreath using three of the pine cones pictured above.

Give Thanks fall Thanksgiving wreath with pine cones, fall leaves, funky bow, pumpkin and sign. Designed by SouthernCharmWreaths.

Do you have any tips for using pine cones? If so, leave me a comment below.

Happy Wreathing,


If you enjoyed this post, you might also like:

How to Make a Fall Lantern Swag

How to Make a Deco Mesh Snowman Wreath

How to Add Ribbon Streamers to Deco Mesh Wreaths


  1. Theresa Zucha on August 21, 2015 at 9:42 am

    Thanks for all of your wonderful tips Julie. I enjoy your videos as well. God has blessed you with a wonderful talent and thank you for sharing all of your knowledge of crafts with us!!!

    • Julie Siomacco on August 21, 2015 at 9:57 am

      Awe, thank you Theresa!

      • Lynne on October 26, 2016 at 11:35 am

        Julie, my pinecones have been in the over for over two hours, and they still have lots of SAP on them

      • Lora Ramey on August 23, 2017 at 4:42 pm

        Hey Julie I have a question. I gathered some pine cones and followed your instructions after 3 hours they still weren’t opened fully. Just at the tops and some not even that. They were smaller, I was wondering if that was why, or maybe they were very wet? Thanks for your help!

        • Julie Siomacco on August 24, 2017 at 1:06 pm

          Were they opened when you plucked them from the ground? If they were, it’s probably because they are still wet and need to dry out longer.

        • Donna on October 29, 2017 at 7:11 pm

          Turn the oven up 50 degrees. That is what I did and it worked

    • Jill ivey on November 17, 2018 at 3:37 pm

      Line a basket with tin foil(shiny side up).Then put in battery operated Christmas lights.Then add Pine cones (you can leave some plain and some sprayed gold or silver). Then add potpourri. The lights will heat the potpourri and you will smell it. Very nice beside a fireplace.

    • Shirley on April 17, 2019 at 10:48 pm

      Hello Julie…
      Thanks for this very informative but well explained article. I have always been intimidated at just the thought of trying to make a pine cone wreath, as I have always loved collecting nice pine cones. Because of you, I am now excited at the thought of making one before the holidays this year.

    • Brenda on September 3, 2019 at 12:34 am

      Can anyone tell me how to bleach pine cones

      • Kate on September 18, 2019 at 7:12 am

        I don’t like the harshness of bleach. Try a mixture of acrylic paint (I use buttermilk color) mixed with water. Shake all the excess off and let dry. It looks bleached but so much easier. You can’t even tell it’s painted.

  2. Judy Precise on August 21, 2015 at 10:26 am

    Thank you so much for your help. You are a blessing to me.

    • Julie Siomacco on August 21, 2015 at 10:58 am

      Oh, Judy thank you for your kind comment!! Blessings sweetie.

  3. Vicki F on August 21, 2015 at 11:02 am

    great tip, Julie! Never thought about baking them AND the eyehook!!

    • Julie Siomacco on August 22, 2015 at 7:32 pm

      Thank you for your comment Vicki. I like to use pipe cleaners or floral wire through the eye hook and then wire onto the wreath.

      • Lynne on January 18, 2018 at 8:36 pm

        Could you please show how to do this?

  4. Connie Chappell on August 21, 2015 at 11:12 am

    I just want to say Thank You Julie for starting the Strongest Facebook Group EVER with that ebook purchase!! I feel most of us have formed the best bonds and Friends ever. You allowed this Julie. It’s so awesome the way EVERYBODY shares the way they make their wreaths the method they use and the way we help each other find Tutorials to help us. IF WE CANT FIND ONE YOU HAVE DONE FIRST !! Julie you have made it like HOME. I CAN NOT THANK YOU ENOUGH!!! GOD BLESS ?

    • Julie Siomacco on August 21, 2015 at 11:33 am

      Awe thank you Connie!! This made my day girl!

  5. Jennifer Spivey on August 21, 2015 at 11:24 am

    I enjoyed the ideas with the pine cones. I use them a lot also but I’ve never baked them to do it. I’ll have to try that next time for storing them longer to use later. Thanks!

    • Julie Siomacco on August 22, 2015 at 7:33 pm

      Thank you for your comment Jennifer! Make sure to let me know how the baking goes for you!

  6. Leah Smith on August 21, 2015 at 11:37 am

    Thank you so much for this post! I have used pinecones in the past on my wreaths because I love the organic feel. But they always came off. Now because you have posted this wonderful blog I can start using them again. Do you have any suggestions for securing plush items? I was going to thread clear fishing line through them to secure them but wasn’t sure if there was a better technique. Thank you again.

  7. Claudia James Thompson on August 21, 2015 at 11:52 am

    Thanks for good instructions along with the pictures to illustrate your work/ideas. Always like your hints, tips, etc. Thanks again.

    • Julie Siomacco on August 22, 2015 at 7:34 pm

      Thank you for your comment Claudia, make sure to subscribe to my emails (above if on computer, below if on mobile) for more wreath making tips and ideas.

  8. Tina Buenzow on August 21, 2015 at 12:13 pm

    I have some pine cones I bleached and then I added modgepodge to the tips and rolled them in colored beads and I put them in a dish a table décor!

  9. kim Boothe on August 21, 2015 at 12:31 pm

    I have done that myself. I don’t know what I am doing wrong. but my whole house stinks when I am baking them. I was just wondering do I have my heat turned up to much. My husband won’t let me bake anymore cause of the smell. Thanks so much for the help.

    • Julie Siomacco on August 21, 2015 at 1:17 pm

      Hmm, maybe it is the type of pine tree in your area. Mine do not smell but a faint pine smell. What do you set the heat too? I use 200 and check every 30 minutes. You could kick the hubs out for the day. Hee Hee. Just kidding.

    • Kimberly on September 24, 2015 at 8:27 am

      Hi Kim, my pine cones produced a smell as well, but thankfully it abated after a few hours. I baked mine at 300* for approx 2hrs and they opened up fully. Mine were completely closed when I started.
      I like to arrange my pine cones in large pretty bowls and sprinkle with cinnamon for the holidays. I also place them in the floor like beside couch and an entrance into a room.
      But pls watch out for your pets. Cinnamon can hurt dogs.

  10. Ruby Walls on August 21, 2015 at 12:46 pm

    I love to use pine ones, such a great tutorial on finishing them, I would love to have some of those great big ones, we don’t have those in WV. Thanks

  11. Brenda on August 21, 2015 at 1:16 pm

    Hi Julie,
    Love the real pine cone idea! Im wondering if adding a scent like cinnamon to them is possible. I also make soy candles, would it possible to use the candle scent on them? Any ideas ?

  12. Twinklesmack on August 21, 2015 at 2:55 pm

    In the past I’ve used the ones that have that dry crusty sap on them. I didn’t wash them but I put them in the oven. I just did it to kill germs and any creepy crawlys that might be on them. To my surprise the crusty sap turned into a beautiful and natural graze that never wore off. But I did have the oven low because it tended to smoke if too high.

    • Julie Siomacco on August 22, 2015 at 7:37 pm

      Now that would be cool to see! Feel free to send me a picture or post it on my facebook page here

    • Dee on April 13, 2020 at 5:15 pm

      I’ve used my knife to scape off most of the sap on some pinecones. When I washed them they came out great.
      I wash my cones in very hot water and soap and then dry by my fireplace in winter and sun in summer. They open quite nicely but it takes awhile.

      So far not making wreaths, but making many different flowers.
      I make baskets and picture frames with the pinecones

  13. Lillian Johnson on August 21, 2015 at 5:19 pm

    Hi,Julie I just picked up pine cones to put on wreaths and did not know what to do with them.Thanks for the advice.I Love reading all the comments.

  14. Cindy Ringdahl on August 21, 2015 at 5:41 pm

    Hi Julie,
    Thanks for the pinecone tutorial. Just another great tip from a very talented lady.

  15. Debra Reynolds on August 21, 2015 at 8:05 pm

    Oh Julie, what a neat way to preserve pine cones and a clever idea to hang them…I think I would like to add a scent like cinnamon, could I use the liquid potpourri? Would I soak them a little bit before baking or put some liquid potpourri in a spray bottle and mist them after they have been baked?
    I think cinnamon, peppermint or a Christmas {season } scent would be nice

  16. Miranda on August 21, 2015 at 8:34 pm

    Thanks for this tutorial, Julie! Your tutorials are always very thorough and easy to follow. I’ve got tons of pine cones in all sizes, just waiting to be used. Now I’ll know what to do with them all!

    • Julie Siomacco on August 22, 2015 at 7:38 pm

      Awesome Miranda! So glad this helped you! Make sure to subscribe to my email list so you will know when I post another wreath/decorating tip.

      • Cynthia Pasuk on January 7, 2018 at 12:18 pm

        Hi Julie
        Does baking the pine cones prevent them from closing . Although I have washed my cones in the past I haven’t tried baking them.. I find that when used for outside decorating they close up in damp weather. I am hoping baking will prevent this
        Thank you

        • Julie Siomacco on January 10, 2018 at 11:02 pm

          No it won’t but you can try sealing them. The moisture is what makes them close.

  17. Miranda on August 21, 2015 at 8:38 pm

    Oops! I didn’t finish before I posted my last comment! I have used pine cones in the past for center pieces. I spray paint them fun colors and spray glitter, and then put them all in a large vase or glass bowl. Depending on the colors, they can be used for every season.

  18. Sabrina on August 23, 2015 at 11:32 am

    Hi Ms. Julie, really enjoyed this information – will letting the cones dry out in the sun have the same effect? Thank you for being so unselfish with all of your helpful hints!!!! Continue to be blessed!!

    • Julie Siomacco on August 23, 2015 at 2:45 pm

      Yes, they open nicely but you still may get bugs that crawl and nest in them. You could dry in the sun and then seal in a zip lock bag, AFTER they come to room temperature, for a few weeks if you want. I’ve done that too with small cones.

  19. Sharon Royer on August 23, 2015 at 7:54 pm

    Oh Julie, this is such a great tip for pine cones. I have used a few before and didn’t do any prep work. I am so glad to know now exactly what to do to prepare them correctly resulting in giving my customers the best in everything I make.

    You are a gem not only creating beautiful items to sell but also sharing fabulous tips with others. Thank you.

    • Julie Siomacco on August 24, 2015 at 8:31 am

      Thank you Sharon, glad you found it useful.

  20. Elizabeth Ann Stokes on August 25, 2015 at 11:17 pm

    Thanks for the tips I have lots of pine trees in my yard and have all sizes of pine cones. I have never cooked them but I will now. I also color some of mine and just use them to make a dish on the table, sometimes I put beads on then and sometimes I just leave them plain. If you near I would bring you all you could use. Thanks as always for the tips. Ann

  21. Dorothy Smith on September 6, 2015 at 8:54 pm

    Thank you so much for the information that you’ve shared, the pine cone cleaning is one that I will use this fall. God bless you.

  22. Janice on September 24, 2015 at 11:33 am

    Your wreath is just beautiful. Do you just do tutorials? Do you have an Etsy shop? Just saw this on Hometalk today. Thanks so much!?

    • Julie Siomacco on September 24, 2015 at 12:38 pm

      Hey Janice! Thank you for your kind comments. I also make and sell wreaths ( and teach others how to make and sell wreaths too.

  23. Isabel Prataviera on October 23, 2016 at 7:56 am

    Hi Julie ! I am brazilian and love her work, thank you.

  24. Angela on December 29, 2016 at 7:11 pm

    Hello Julie! I love your work. I did have a do you get the stickers on the pinecones so that once my wreath is completed it can be touchable without yelping an Ouch! Any insight you could give would be great ! Thank you!

    • Dee on April 13, 2020 at 5:20 pm

      I just use my pocket knife and hold the knife at the base of prickly spine push back towards cone and spine will break off. You can learn eventually just to flick it.

  25. Gail Hubbard on January 22, 2017 at 7:48 am

    I’ve collected small pinecones & have had them for months. They’ve opened up when dry. Do I still have to bake them? I pulled them off my son’s tree

    • Julie Siomacco on January 22, 2017 at 7:15 pm

      O place in a zip lock bag for several days to kill the bugs that live in them

  26. Brenda on June 24, 2017 at 12:16 am

    Thank you for this, now I can use some of the pine cones from my sister and brother in laws cabin. They have so many pine cones. Can hardly wait.

  27. Yvonne Holmes on June 29, 2017 at 12:35 pm

    Thanks you so much for the info, I have a question I have pin cones and put some in a wreath i made but i wanted them to stay closed and little how do I do that. All mine open up.


    • Julie Siomacco on June 30, 2017 at 8:39 am

      They close up when they’re wet. If you want a smaller cone shape when dry, you need to use a different variety of pine. There are several.

    • Dee on April 23, 2020 at 2:39 pm

      Another option, if painting, use thicker paint or paint with acrylic gloss in it and paint into the core. Pinecone will close and the paint usually acts as a glue and they will stay closed

  28. Christina on September 25, 2017 at 1:37 pm

    I’ve washed, let air dry for a few days, microwaved, then a week later baked on 250 for 2 hours. I still have white on them, but never had sap. I live in Louisiana, don’t know if where I live makes a difference. I really want the white off with a natural shine. Please help. What am I doing wrong?

  29. Sarah Austin on October 7, 2017 at 7:44 am

    Thank you for sharing all your advice and how-to tips. The results are worth the effort and so affordable when decorating for the holidays.

  30. Esther on April 15, 2018 at 7:11 am

    Is there a way to stop the pinecones closing if they are for outdoor use and exposed to the elements?

    • Julie Siomacco on April 16, 2018 at 8:07 am

      Not sure, perhaps if you tried spraying them with a sealant first.

  31. Randy on April 28, 2018 at 4:37 pm

    To avoid wasting time, I drill a hole in pine cone, insert hook and glue. You are going to glue anyways. Hope this timesaver works for you.

  32. Montina on May 15, 2018 at 10:43 pm

    Thank you for this informative, fun post! I don’t have a lot of time for trial & error with my crafts due to…well, life, I guess. Lol! This way sounds much better for affixing pinecones to things, than how I had been. Can’t wait to try it out! All the best to you!

  33. Donna on July 27, 2018 at 9:27 am

    Thank you for the wonderful tips. I was wondering if the eye screw needed to be a special size or strength? i see you referenced the Hillman ones and was wondering why you chose that brand. I have some jewelry making ones that are smaller and would like to get your thoughts on using them. All the best!

  34. SANDRA on August 29, 2018 at 1:23 pm

    Why do I have to bake? Is it just to kill bugs. If I bleach them do I have to bake? I have very large ones and have had them for years but did not know what to do with them. Now I do . THANKS

    • Julie Siomacco on August 30, 2018 at 7:37 am

      If you’ve had them for years, I wouldn’t bake them. Baking gets rid of the bugs and any eggs that might have been laid in them.

  35. Sue Ogden on October 25, 2018 at 1:55 pm

    Question: What is the best time of the year to come to South Carolina to find the big ones in your picture. I went to the Maine Coast- Kennebunkport- last weekend and I found pinecones every where- but I don’t see any here in my home state of Delaware yet. Thanks

  36. Jill Ivey on November 17, 2018 at 3:48 pm

    Take a basket line it with tin foil (shiny side up). Then fill it with pine cones ( some natural, some sprayed either gold or silver), battery operated lights and potpourri . The lights will heat the potpourri. Nice on a fire place hearth.

  37. Sue Redmon on October 19, 2019 at 9:11 pm

    Julie, can I pull the pinecones from the tree or must I wait until they fall

    • Julie Siomacco on October 21, 2019 at 11:56 am

      I would wait until they fall.

  38. Cindy on February 6, 2020 at 12:25 pm

    Why do you put a screw in the bottom of the cone

  39. Katie Martin on May 29, 2020 at 12:43 am

    Wonderful ideas from comments!!! Thanks so much for all the information!!! God bless!!!

  40. Debbie Housh on August 6, 2020 at 1:26 pm

    On the give thanks wreath, how big is the wreath itself?
    Going to make this. I love this

    • Julie Siomacco on August 6, 2020 at 4:25 pm

      Either 16 or 18 will work.

  41. Sarah Mate on September 5, 2020 at 10:32 pm

    I used to use a giant galvanized pot and I boiled my pine cones! It seemed to open them up really big, kill the bugs and get rid of the sap. I noticed after I dry them how shiny they were and they smelled wonderful. They were fully opened. Then I set them out on newspaper to dry. Hope this helps!

  42. Ida on November 12, 2020 at 6:11 am

    Is the oven 200 degree Celsius or Fahrenheit?

    • Taylor Tompkins on November 12, 2020 at 11:02 am

      200ª Fahrenheit

  43. CAROLYN KNIGHT on March 30, 2021 at 8:06 pm

    Hi, I’m not a business owner yet, but would like to be. Do you coach on the most basic steps to take to get started? Also, I’m passionate about beautiful ribbon and mesh, and would probably like to focus on supply sales since I want/need income now. My wreath making skills are not developed yet, but I have a long retail background. Is it possible to get started selling right away?
    I realize I’m not a group member yet, but these are things I’d like to know before getting started so your reply would really be appreciated.

    Carolyn Knight

    • Taylor Tompkins on April 9, 2021 at 10:40 am

      Hey Caroyln – Julie does offer business coaching! You can learn more about her Business Inner Circle here:
      If you have any questions, please contact us using the form on the website.

  44. Sallie McIntosh on May 6, 2022 at 7:45 am

    Love learning how to use the pine cones. Thank you.

  45. Sherree Proctor on June 18, 2022 at 7:47 pm

    Thanks Julie. We probably have at least 2 bins full of perfect pinecones. Not counting the littles fellas(My Fave). I like sneaking them into Autumn wreath- surprises.. LOL… Thank you for sharing the attachment “Eye Hook”.

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